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Critical Thinking

Cătălina Cîrnațu, X D

The capacity for effective information analysis and opinion creation is known as critical thinking. In order to think critically, you must be conscious of your own prejudices and presuppositions when you come across information and use uniform criteria when assessing sources.

What makes critical thinking important?

For evaluating information sources and creating your own arguments, critical thinking is crucial. It places a strong emphasis on using a logical, impartial, and self-aware approach that can assist you in locating reliable sources and supporting your views.

In all fields of study and at all phases of the research process, critical thinking is crucial. Although the sorts of evidence employed in the sciences and the humanities may differ, both fields can benefit from critical thinking abilities. Using critical thinking when writing academically can assist you in determining whether a source:

· is impartial in its research

· evidence to back up the research's conclusions

· ponders other points of view

Outside of academia, critical thinking goes hand in hand with information literacy to help you form opinions rationally and engage independently and critically with popular media.

Critical thinking may be done in a variety of ways. The sort of source you're utilising and the information you require will determine how you interact with the information. However, by posing specific queries as you come across material, you may engage with sources in a methodical and analytical manner. Similar to the CRAAP (acronym for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose) test, these inquiries concentrate on a source of information's authority, relevancy, accuracy, and purpose.

When you come across information, enquire:

· Who wrote this? Do they possess subject-matter expertise?

· How do they respond? Is their case well-developed? Can you give a summary?

· When did they say this? Is the source current?

· Where is the data released? Is it a scholarly piece? Does it have peer review?

· What motivated the author to release it? What is driving them, exactly?

· How do they support their claim? Is it supported by facts? Does it rely on guesswork, opinion, or emotional appeals? Do they address opposing points of view?

You also have to be aware of personal bias:

· Am I merely taking into account the facts that confirm my assumptions?

· Is my argument well-written and supported by reliable sources?

· Would someone else's presentation of this argument persuade me?

Critical thinking is an important skill to develop and use throughout our lives. It makes us less likely to fall victim to fake news and manipulation, because once we own it, we will automatically analyse any information presented to us and decide whether we render it true or misleading .

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